Innovators, court portrait painters and scandalous people: 10 famous artists who conquered the world
Caravaggio, Malevich, Picasso, Levitan … When it comes to the famous artist, then, as a rule, come to mind the names of men who worked at the easel in different styles and in different eras. But there were among those who decided to devote their lives to painting, and women. They not only created beautiful paintings and contributed to world culture, they often became pioneers, and even went against the system.
1. Katerina van Hemessen (1528 – 1587)
She was the first in history to create a self-portrait depicting an artist at work (later this method became very common in the history of art). It is assumed that painting was taught by her father, artist Jan Sanders van Hemessen. Katerina became best known for writing portraits of rich people who ordered these services for money. Katerina van Hemessen ended her career as an artist in 1554 when she got married, because at that time the woman had to follow the instructions of her husband.
2. Artemisia Gentileschi (1593 – 1654)
She is known for her portraits and scenes with biblical heroes, and Artemisia masterfully used the play of light and shadow, which makes her work more dramatic. The fact that she always emphasized the presence of women in her paintings led to the fact that the artist was subsequently considered one of the first defenders of the role of women in society and art. One of the great achievements of Artemisia was that she became the first woman to be elected to the Academy of Fine Arts in Florence.
3. Louise Elizabeth Vigee-Lebrun (1755 – 1842)
Louise Elizabeth Vigee-Lebrun was a personal portrait painter of Marie Antoinette and painted portraits of the French Queen and her family more than 30 times. In total, the portfolio of Vigee Lebrun has about 600 portraits and 200 landscapes. He not only served at the French royal court, but also traveled with his daughter a large part of Europe (in fact, she was waiting for the Great French Revolution), making portraits of royal persons on order. This made her famous and helped her become the most sought-after artist in various royal courts of the Old Continent.
4. Mary Cassett (1844-1926)
M ery Cassett was mainly known for her paintings and engravings, the main characters of which were women with their children. The great Edgar Degas was her mentor when Cassett left for France against the wishes of her family. Her impressionist works earned the respect of critics both in France and in the United States, the country to which Cassett brought impressionism when she returned to her. Due to a sudden illness, due to which the artist was almost blind, she left the world of art.
5. Georgia O’Keeffe (1887 – 1986)
Her most famous works are a series of paintings with flowers and desert landscapes. Despite the impressionist and abstract touches, O’Kiff’s works do not refer to any particular movement or tendency. She was the wife of photographer Alfred Stiglitz, with whom they formed one of the most famous and beloved couples in the art world. Today, the work of this American artist is part of the cultural heritage of this country.
6. Tamara de Lempicka (1898 – 1980)
She is best known for her outstanding craftsmanship in the style that today is known as art deco. In Tamara’s work, a fascination with women (and men too), luxury, the fashion world and eroticism is clearly noticeable. She herself was a woman who enjoyed the luxury, sophistication and image of the fatal woman who accompanied her all her life. Tamara de Lempicka is well known for her geometric and glamorous style, which the United States did not perceive as well as in Russia or France.
7. Frida Kahlo (1907 – 1954)
This is a real icon of art, which has established itself as a figure of pop culture in many countries of the world. Admiring artists and supporters of feminist movements, Frida’s paintings (with surreal, naive and folklore elements) tell about the physical and moral suffering that she experienced throughout her life. During her passionate and painful marriage with muralist Diego Rivera.