Kajar painting: a window into the life and fashion of Muslim harems of past centuries
About how life and the manner of dressing Muslim women in harem look like, European people for a long time made representations according to the fantasies of painters. These fantasies…

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Immoral Art: How Kitagawa Utamaro became famous for depicting geishas and offended the Japanese government in one engraving
Kitagawa Utamaro is an iconic Japanese artist whose engravings are world famous. He devoted his life to portraying the inhabitants of the "merry quarters" - geishas and the maids of…

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Adam Elsheimer is an artist who inspired the great Rembrandt and amazed modern astronomers.
The artist, whose name is consonant with the name of the famous German psychiatrist, was born several centuries earlier and gained, it would seem, much less popularity. But among the…

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Forbidden Art: 6 paintings that at various times became victims of censorship

Censorship of art acted not only in Soviet times. In the time of tsarist Russia, works by fairly well-known artists fell under the ban. The reason for the refusal to demonstrate a work of art could be simply a truthful depiction of events or, on the contrary, their unusual interpretation. Sometimes it’s hard to believe that censorship affected real masterpieces of art.

The idea of ​​writing a historical picture originated with the artist in 1881 under the influence of two events: the assassination of Alexander II and the music of Rimsky-Korsakov’s “Revenge”. Two years later, the artist saw bullfighting in Spain and was completely discouraged by the sight of blood.
Then direct work on the painting itself was begun, which was completed after 4 years. The painting was appreciated by critics and artists, but Tsar Alexander III, on the contrary, caused such discontent that he immediately forbade it to be shown to anyone. For three months, the artist Alexei Bogolyubov sought to lift the ban. In the end, the work of Ilya Repin was allowed to exhibitions.

Two paintings by Ivan Aivazovsky are not too eager to show today, they did not enjoy the favor of the rulers in tsarist Russia. During the famine of 1892-1893 in the Volga region and in the south of Russia, ordinary Americans tried to help ordinary people.

They collected food and on five ships sent it to Russia. This is not to say that the country’s leadership welcomed the collection of aid for Russia, but they certainly could not forbid their citizens to do good deeds. It was this event that formed the basis of the plot of two paintings by the famous marine painter, which were banned in Russia. Emperor’s particular discontent was caused by the “Distribution of Food”, where a peasant in a food cart waving the American flag. As a result, Aivazovsky presented them to the Washington Gallery.

The painting of Nicholas Ge, depicting Pontius Pilate and Jesus Christ, caused outrage and a ban on showing by the Holy Synod. It’s all about the play of light and stereotypes of thinking. Contrary to tradition, in the rays of sunlight, the artist depicted not Jesus, but Pontius Pilate. Moreover, Jesus looks very exhausted and small compared to Pilate. Some colleagues of Nikolai Ge took the picture critically. Patron Tretyakov at first refused to purchase it for his gallery, but later changed his mind under the influence of Leo Tolstoy.

A lot of paintings by Ukrainian artists, including Vasily Silvestrov’s painting “Pogrom,” in the first half of the 20th century fell not only under the ban, but could be destroyed. Until 1937, paintings were collected only to simply burn them. And here we were not talking about the skill of the artist or the controversy of the plot. The main problem was the personality of the artist. Many authors were repressed, some went to camps, others were shot.

It was assumed that the canvas by Ilya Glazunov will become the main exhibit of the exhibition of the Union of Artists. However, instead of the grand opening of the exhibition, a real scandal erupted. The commission, which was nothing more than a censorship body, demanded to immediately remove the picture from the exhibition.

However, the artist went on the principle and categorically refused to follow the instructions of the censors. Fortunately, his authority at that time was already so high that Glazunov was not exiled to camps, but only ordered to go to remote corners of the Soviet Union and paint portraits of production leaders, BAM builders, workers and collective farmers.

Camille Corot - “landscape poet” who inspired both the impressionists and the authors of fake artists
Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot - French painter of the era of romanticism, "landscape poet", who influenced the emergence of impressionism. During his long life, he created several thousand paintings in his…

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Life after Picasso
64 years ago, on February 11, 1955, Olga Khokhlova passed away. The general public probably knows only about the ballerina from Nizhyn that she emigrated from the Russian Empire and…

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Sergey Kalmykov: Why was the last Russian avant-garde considered a city madman
The popular opinion, according to which every genius is a little crazy, with respect to Sergei Ivanovich Kalmykov, acquires special significance. The history of this artist, who managed not only…

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Funny winter paintings of the Dutchman Anton Peak, which will give a New Year mood
The anticipation of the New Year holidays, which in childhood always arose on its own, dulls over time among many of us. And if the New Year mood does not…

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